Better than Angels, Moses & Joshua

Hebrews 1:1-4:13

11God, having in the past spoken to the fathers through the prophets at many times and in various ways, 2has at the end of these days spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, through whom also he made the worlds. 3His Son is the radiance of his glory, the very image of his substance, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purified us of our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; 4having become so much better than the angels, as he has inherited a more excellent name than they have. 5For to which of the angels did he say at any time,
You are my Son.
Today have I become your father?”*
and again,
I will be to him a Father,
and he will be to me a Son?”*
6When he again brings in the firstborn into the world he says, “Let all the angels of God worship him.”* 7Of the angels he says,
Who makes his angels winds,
and his servants a flame of fire.”*
8But of the Son he says,
Your throne, O God, is forever and ever.
The scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your Kingdom.
9You have loved righteousness, and hated iniquity;
therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellows.”*
You, Lord, in the beginning, laid the foundation of the earth.
The heavens are the works of your hands.
11They will perish, but you continue.
They all will grow old like a garment does.
12You will roll them up like a mantle,
and they will be changed;
but you are the same.
Your years will not fail.”*
13But which of the angels has he told at any time,
Sit at my right hand,
until I make your enemies the footstool of your feet?”*
14Aren’t they all serving spirits, sent out to do service for the sake of those who will inherit salvation?
21Therefore we ought to pay greater attention to the things that were heard, lest perhaps we drift away. 2For if the word spoken through angels proved steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense; 3how will we escape if we neglect so great a salvation—which at the first having been spoken through the Lord, was confirmed to us by those who heard; 4God also testifying with them, both by signs and wonders, by various works of power, and by gifts of the Holy Spirit, according to his own will? 5For he didn’t subject the world to come, of which we speak, to angels. 6But one has somewhere testified, saying,
What is man, that you think of him?
Or the son of man, that you care for him?
7You made him a little lower than the angels.
You crowned him with glory and honor.*
8You have put all things in subjection under his feet.”*
For in that he subjected all things to him, he left nothing that is not subject to him. But now we don’t see all things subjected to him, yet. 9But we see him who has been made a little lower than the angels, Jesus, because of the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor, that by the grace of God he should taste of death for everyone. 10For it became him, for whom are all things, and through whom are all things, in bringing many children to glory, to make the author of their salvation perfect through sufferings. 11For both he who sanctifies and those who are sanctified are all from one, for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brothers,* 12saying,
I will declare your name to my brothers.
Among of the congregation I will sing your praise.”*
13Again, “I will put my trust in him.”* Again, “Behold, here I am with the children whom God has given me.”* 14Since then the children have shared in flesh and blood, he also himself in the same way partook of the same, that through death he might bring to nothing him who had the power of death, that is, the devil, 15and might deliver all of them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage. 16For most certainly, he doesn’t give help to angels, but he gives help to the offspring* of Abraham. 17Therefore he was obligated in all things to be made like his brothers, that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make atonement for the sins of the people. 18For in that he himself has suffered being tempted, he is able to help those who are tempted.
31Therefore, holy brothers, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, Jesus; 2who was faithful to him who appointed him, as also was Moses in all his house. 3For he has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses, because he who built the house has more honor than the house. 4For every house is built by someone; but he who built all things is God. 5Moses indeed was faithful in all his house as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were afterward to be spoken, 6but Christ is faithful as a Son over his house; whose house we are, if we hold fast our confidence and the glorying of our hope firm to the end. 7Therefore, even as the Holy Spirit says,
Today if you will hear his voice,
8don’t harden your hearts, as in the rebellion,
like as in the day of the trial in the wilderness,
9where your fathers tested me by proving me,
and saw my deeds for forty years.
10Therefore I was displeased with that generation,
and said, ‘They always err in their heart,
but they didn’t know my ways;’
11as I swore in my wrath,
‘They will not enter into my rest.’”*
12Beware, brothers, lest perhaps there be in any one of you an evil heart of unbelief, in falling away from the living God; 13but exhort one another day by day, so long as it is called “today”; lest any one of you be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin. 14For we have become partakers of Christ, if we hold fast the beginning of our confidence firm to the end: 15while it is said,
Today if you will hear his voice,
don’t harden your hearts, as in the rebellion.”*
16For who, when they heard, rebelled? No, didn’t all those who came out of Egypt by Moses? 17With whom was he displeased forty years? Wasn’t it with those who sinned, whose bodies fell in the wilderness? 18To whom did he swear that they wouldn’t enter into his rest, but to those who were disobedient? 19We see that they were not able to enter in because of unbelief.
41Let us fear therefore, lest perhaps anyone of you should seem to have come short of a promise of entering into his rest. 2For indeed we have had good news preached to us, even as they also did, but the word they heard didn’t profit them, because it wasn’t mixed with faith by those who heard. 3For we who have believed do enter into that rest, even as he has said, “As I swore in my wrath, they will not enter into my rest”;* although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. 4For he has said this somewhere about the seventh day, “God rested on the seventh day from all his works”;* 5and in this place again, “They will not enter into my rest.”*
6Seeing therefore it remains that some should enter therein, and they to whom the good news was before preached failed to enter in because of disobedience, 7he again defines a certain day, today, saying through David so long a time afterward (just as has been said),
Today if you will hear his voice,
don’t harden your hearts.”*
8For if Joshua had given them rest, he would not have spoken afterward of another day. 9There remains therefore a Sabbath rest for the people of God. 10For he who has entered into his rest has himself also rested from his works, as God did from his. 11Let us therefore give diligence to enter into that rest, lest anyone fall after the same example of disobedience. 12For the word of God is living and active, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and is able to discern the thoughts and intentions of the heart.
13There is no creature that is hidden from his sight, but all things are naked and laid open before the eyes of him to whom we must give an account.

*Hebrews 1:5 Psalm 2:7
*Hebrews 1:5 2 Samuel 7:14; 1 Chronicles 17:13
*Hebrews 1:6 Deuteronomy 32:43 LXX
*Hebrews 1:7 Psalm 104:4
*Hebrews 1:9 Psalm 45:6-7
*Hebrews 1:12 Psalm 102:25-27
*Hebrews 1:13 Psalm 110:1
*Hebrews 2:7 TR adds “and set him over the works of your hands”
*Hebrews 2:8 Psalm 8:4-6
*Hebrews 2:11 The word for “brothers” here and where context allows may also be correctly translated “brothers and sisters” or “siblings.”
*Hebrews 2:12 Psalm 22:22
*Hebrews 2:13 Isaiah 8:17
*Hebrews 2:13 Isaiah 8:18
*Hebrews 2:16 or, seed
*Hebrews 3:11 Psalm 95:7-11
*Hebrews 3:15 Psalm 95:7-8
*Hebrews 4:3 Psalm 95:11
*Hebrews 4:4 Genesis 2:2
*Hebrews 4:5 Psalm 95:11
*Hebrews 4:7 Psalm 95:7-8


  • List all the many questions raised in this passage. Who makes them? To whom are they made?
  • Is there a question that impacts you more than others? Why?
  • What questions would do you have about issues raised in this passage?
  • What can you do to get some answers to these questions you have raised?
World English Bible (WEB)
a Public Domain Modern English translation
of the Holy Bible.

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